District Profile

Saharanpur district is located in the western part of Uttar Pradesh State. It is in a rectangular shape and it lies between 29 degrees 34 minutes 45 seconds and 30 degrees 21 minutes north latitude and 77 degree 9 minutes and 78 degree 14 minutes 45 seconds east longitude. The district is divided in eleven blocks i.e. Nanauta, Deoband, Rampur, Nagal, Gangoh, Nakur, Baliakheri, Punwarka, Sarsanwa, Muzaffarabad & Sadauli Kadeem covering 1219 villages.

The soil of the district is coarse sandy loam and sandy and a few pockets of clay loam. The PH ranges from 6.8 to 8.2. The underground water is generally good.

Area : 3860 km2. Rivers-7: (Kali, Krishna, Yamuna, Poan Dhoi, Dhamola, Hindan & Gangro).

Rainfall : 945 mm. Temperature: 1.5 - 44.6 oC.

Villages : 1219, Tehsils: 5 (Saharanpur, Nakur, Rampur Maniharan, Deoband & Behat).

Population : 3464228 with density of 898 km-2, Growth rate (2001-11): 16.8%., Sex ratio: 887:1000,

Literacy : 72.03%.

Major Industry : Sugar mill(08), Paper mill, Cigarette and Wood Carving.

Per Capita Income : Rs.1589.99 per month.

Agriculture : Net cultivated area: 3,63,791 ha, Irrigation: 95.4%, Cropping intensity: 200%. 68% population is engaged in agriculture.

Major Crops : Sugarcane (>1,15,000 ha), Wheat(>1,18,000 ha), Rice(>60,000 ha), Mustard, Maize, Groundnut & Blackgram.

Productivity : Sugarcane (573.00 q/ha), Wheat (30.07 q/ha), Rice (23.62 q/ha)

Major Insect-Pest : Shoot Gal Maker & Fruit Fly in Mango, Termite, White Grub and Top Borer in Sugarcane.

Major Diseases : Yellow rust in Wheat, Red rot & GSD in Sugarcane.

Soil Fertility Status : Nitrogen (Low to Medium), Phosphorus (Medium), Potash (Low to Medium.)

Fruits : Mango (25,500 ha) and Guava (22,00 ha). Vegetables: Brinjal, Cabbage and Bottle gourd. Flowers: Marigold.

Animal Husbandry : 7.15 lakhs Livestock.


Total land with KVK (in ha) : 10.109 ha

S.N. Item Area (ha)
1 At Administrative campus 2.290
2 Orchard/Agro-forestry 5.869
3 Crop 0.650
4 Fish Cum Water Harvesting Pond 0.300
5 Guava orchard 1.000
Total 10.109

Description of Agro-climatic Zone & major agro ecological situations

Agroecological Situations Of Saharanpur District

S.N. AES Characteristics of AES Major Commodities Farming System Blocks
1 I More than 60 % of area rain fed, sandy and sandy loam Maize, Wheat, Groundnut, Lentil, Guava, Mango, Brinjal, Bitter-guard, Cow, Goat, Sheep Maize, Groundnut based+ Hort+AH (Cow, Goat, Sheep) S. Kadeem, Muzaffarabad
2 II Irrigated Loam, Clay Loam soils Rice, Wheat, S.cane, Mango, Vegetables, Buffalo, Cow Paddy, Wheat, S. cane based+A.H. (Cow, Buffalo)+ Hort Rampur, Baliakheri, Puwanrka
3 III Irrigated Sandy Loam, Loam (S.cane predominant) S.cane, Wheat, Urd, Paddy, Mustard, Buffalo, Cow S.cane based +Horticulture+A.H. (Cow, Buffalo) Deoband, Nagal, Sarsawa, Nakur, Nanauta, Gangoh

Soil Type

S.N. Soil Type Area (ha)
1 Sandy 44280.00
2 Sandy Loam & Loam 147706.00
3 Clay Loam 81420.00
Total 81420.00

Area, Production and Productivity of major crops cultivated in the district

S.N. Crops Area (ha) Production in M. Tons Productivity in Tons / ha
1 Cereal Crops
Paddy 55000-75000 72129 22.30
Wheat 112582-120000 315204 26.70
Sugarcane 125157 7672241 613.00
Groundnut 3123-5000 2269 8.46
Urd 526-1000 72129 3.73
Maize 8758-10000 10953 14.74
Gram 13-25 93 9.12
Lentil 1924-2500 1864 5.92
Mustard 1950-2500 1427 9.77
Pea 44-75 278 12.97
2 Vegetables
Cole Crops 6000 168000 28.00
Brinjal 4610 161350 35.00
Tomato 1975 67150 34.00
Pea 1905 23813 12.50
Cucurbits 9400 235000 25.00
Potato 1020 235000 17.00
Capsicum 275 7315 26.60
Okra 1825 63875 35.00
Spices
Onion 215 4085 19.00
Chilli 218 4360 20.00
Fruits
Mango 25946 259460 10.00
Guava 2210 44796.7 20.27
Peach 135 2565 19.00
Litchi 1500 12240 8.16